Basement waterproofing refers to the prevention of water from entering a basement or a building’s beneath-ground area. Most basement waterproofing projects involve the use of waterproof materials, such as paint and sealants. In some cases, the concrete may also be used as a core material for walls, floors, and other structures. There are many basement waterproofing systems, from the most simple to the most complicated system available on the market today. Understanding the type of waterproofing system you will need before starting your project will help Grand Rapids Basement Waterproofing make their job go smoothly.
A basement waterproofing system is designed to keep your home and its contents dry through rain, snow, or moisture from the ground. It prevents water damage by applying a seal to cracks and small openings around foundations. Waterproofing a basement usually requires waterproofing materials, such as paint, sealants, sump pumps, and drain tiles. Foundation footer drains can also help prevent water damage to the basement.
A basement waterproofing system is designed to prevent hydrostatic pressure from building up in basements. Hydrostatic pressure is the force that develops when the water rises. The water table in your area will determine the degree of hydrostatic pressure you have in your basement. If the water table is high enough, basement waterproofing materials can prevent hydrostatic pressure from building up. Improper drainage along with settling can also result in pressure buildup.
Interior basement waterproofing works by preventing the escape of moisture from the interior of a structure. Exterior basement waterproofing works by preventing the escape of moisture from the exterior of a structure. This type of waterproofing is often applied to the exterior walls of buildings to keep them dry. Interior basement waterproofing works by preventing the escape of moisture from the interior of a structure. This type of waterproofing is often applied to the exterior walls of buildings to keep them dry.
There are three basement waterproofing systems – external drainage system, in-situ drainage system, and sub-slab drains. An external drainage system is installed outside of buildings. It is composed of perforated pipes that discharge water into underground sewer lines or storm drains. In-situ drainage systems are installed within the structure. They are composed of pipeliners that act as drain tiles on the interior walls of the structure.
Sub-slab drains are smaller than perforated pipe liners. These drain tiles are placed in small holes in the sub-floor of structures to prevent water penetration. Many homeowners choose to use concrete footer drains for basement waterproofing. The purpose of these drains is to prevent groundwater from flowing into the basement.
Basement waterproofing can also include coatings. Coatings are applied to the interior walls of buildings to prevent seepage and structural damage caused by water penetration. One of the most common coatings is a fiberglass film membrane. It is made of an epoxy resin and a coating that serves as a protective layer against vapor energy. Fiberglass pipe penetrations and pipe shears are some of the techniques used to apply the coating.
Foundation cracking and settling are other factors that affect basement waterproofing. Cracks occur when the interior water drainage systems are inadequate. When this happens, excess groundwater and water build up in the basement and cause the structure to settle and eventually crack.
Some basement waterproofing methods employ the use of sealers. Sealers provide a smooth surface for water to drain from the structure. There are two kinds of waterproof sealers: organic and inorganic. Organic sealants have strong odors that discourage insects, while inorganic sealers, such as efflorescence, have a foul odor and do not repel insects.
Poor interior basement waterproofing is often caused by condensation. A well-maintained basement does not suffer from condensation because it is usually insulated. However, poorly insulated structures may experience condensation because the water in the air causes condensation on the walls and the floor. Sometimes, water that evaporates or drips from a wall may also collect under the drywall or sheetrock. This can cause excess dampness.
Basement waterproofing should be done once a year, but this can be more frequent if necessary due to seasonal changes. Interior basement waterproofing should be planned several years before starting the rainy season to prepare. The first step is to determine the location of the structure. This includes determining the sump pit, drainage system, and exit point for the house. There should also be several years of research involved before homeowners can plan for major changes that might occur, such as a new foundation or sewer pipes.